May 3rd, 2016
There are many different things to expect during any major construction project. This new home construction overview will allow you to monitor your project and make sure you are in the know during the key stages of the process. Some rules, regulations and procedures may vary depending on your location, but these 10 basic guidelines will keep your project moving in the right direction towards completion.
- Site preparation & pour foundation – Usually these two tasks are performed by the same crew. The crew will use machinery to clear the site for the house to be built. The crew then sets up the wooden forms and footings, the structures connecting the house and the supporting earth, and pours the concrete. The concrete will then need time to cure at which point there will be no activity on the site. Once the foundation is poured and cured a city inspector will come out to make sure the process has been done properly.
- Complete rough framing – The floor systems, wall and the roof of the house are completed. This allows for exterior windows and doors to be put in place. Once the structure is up then they will wrap the house with a protective barrier allowing for the house to prevent from water getting in, while allowing water vapor to escape reducing the chance of mold or rot.
- Rough plumbing, electrical and HVAC – The shell has now been completed and can now be completed with siding and roofing. While that is going on plumbing and electrical contractors begin running their respective pipes and wires throughout the house. Once the roof is completed the house is considered “dried in.”
- Insulation Installation – Insulation creates a comfortable climate as well as increasing the home’s energy efficiency. Most homes get all exterior walls, attics and any floors located above unfinished basements or crawlspaces. There are many different types of insulation and it varies which one you should use depending on your type of home. Consult your contractor to find out which one is right for you.
- Complete drywall and exterior finishes – Once the house is “dried in” and insulation is where it needs to be, drywall is hung and taped to ensure a seamless look to the walls throughout the house. Then a painter will paint the primer coat. Exterior finishes are started by contractors ranging from brick to plastic siding depending on the preference of the homeowner.
- Finish interior trim, exterior driveways and walkways – Interior doors, baseboards, door casings, window sills, moldings, stair balusters and other decorative trim are installed, along with cabinets, vanities and fireplace mantels and surrounds. Walls get a finish coat of paint and are wallpapered where applicable. Most of the time this is when the exterior driveway and walkway will be finished so they are not damaged by heavy equipment carrying things such as multiple loads of drywall.
- Install hard-surface flooring and countertops; complete exterior grading – At this step, your home is ready for the ceramic tile, vinyl, or wood flooring you have always dreamed of. Countertops can also be installed while this process is going on. Grading is finished on the yard to ensure proper drainage away from the home.
- Finish mechanical trims; install bathroom fixtures – Now is time for the finishing touches on the exterior of the home. Light fixtures, outlets and switches are put in place and the electrical panel is wired. Sinks, toilets and faucets are put in and fully operational. HVAC is installed and registered.
- Interior and exterior finishes – Mirrors, shower doors and carpeting are all installed and then the interior is ready for its final cleanup. On the outside of the home trees, shrubs and grass are planted and all other exterior landscaping is completed.
- Final walkthrough – Your builder will take you through your freshly finished home and show you all of the features and how to operate the different systems throughout. They will give you a rundown of responsibilities of upkeeping the home as well as different warranty coverages. This is also a time for the resident to find anything they think needs to be fixed or adjusted and examine for damages.
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